The BMW Group will launch a brand new period of e-mobility from 2025 with the fashions of its NEUE KLASSE (earlier submit)—utilizing newly-developed cylindrical battery cells optimized for the brand new structure for the primary time.
The newly-developed sixth era of our lithium-ion cells will carry an enormous leap in know-how that can improve vitality density by greater than 20 %, enhance charging velocity by as much as 30 % and improve vary by as much as 30 %. We’re additionally lowering CO2 emissions from cell manufacturing by as much as 60 %. These are massive steps for sustainability and buyer advantages.
—Frank Weber, member of the Board of Administration of BMW AG accountable for Growth
To satisfy our long-term wants, we will probably be constructing battery cell factories with our companions, every with an annual capability of as much as 20 GWh, at six places in key markets for us: two in China, two in Europe and two in USMCA [United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement]. Now we have additionally reached settlement with our companions that they may use a proportion of secondary materials for the uncooked supplies lithium, cobalt and nickel, in addition to utilising inexperienced energy for manufacturing, to make sure CO2-reduced manufacturing.
—Joachim Publish, member of the Board of Administration of BMW AG accountable for Buying and Provider Community
For the sixth era of BMW eDrive know-how used within the NEUE KLASSE, the corporate has essentially refined the cell format and cell chemistry. With the brand new BMW spherical cell specifically designed for the electrical structure of the NEUE KLASSE fashions, it is going to be attainable to extend the vary of the highest-range mannequin by as much as 30% (in accordance with WLTP).
The brand new BMW spherical cells include a regular diameter of 46 millimeters and two totally different heights (46xx). In comparison with the prismatic cells of the fifth BMW battery cell era, the nickel content material within the sixth-generation BMW spherical cells is greater on the cathode facet, whereas the cobalt content material is lowered. On the anode facet, the silicon content material will probably be elevated. Consequently, the cell’s volumetric vitality density will enhance by greater than 20%.
BMW is switching to a cylindrical format, 46mm in diameter with two totally different heights (46xx) for its six-generation of cells, shifting from the prismatic format of gen 5.
The battery system performs a key position within the physique construction of the NEUE KLASSE. Relying on the mannequin, it may be flexibly built-in into the set up house to save lots of house (“pack to open physique”). The cell module stage is thus eradicated.
The battery, drive practice and charging know-how within the NEUE KLASSE may even have the next voltage of 800 volts. Amongst different issues, it will optimize how vitality is provided to direct present high-power charging stations, which may obtain a a lot greater charging capability with a present of as much as 500 amperes – thus lowering the time it takes to cost the car from 10 to 80 % by as much as 30%.
The BMW Group has already awarded contracts within the two-digit billion-euro vary for manufacturing of the brand new BMW battery cells. By leveraging the great in-house experience of the corporate’s personal Battery Cell Competence Middle, the workforce from growth, manufacturing and buying has been in a position to cut back prices for the high-voltage battery considerably, as a result of new battery cell and new integration idea for battery know-how developed by BMW.
Based mostly on present market assumptions, prices may be lowered by as much as 50 %, in comparison with the present fifth era. The BMW Group has set itself the purpose of bringing manufacturing prices for fully-electric fashions right down to the identical stage as automobiles with state-of-the-art combustion-engine know-how.
To produce the battery cells wanted for the NEUE KLASSE, the BMW Group has already awarded contracts within the two-digit billion-euro vary for building of battery cell factories to CATL and EVE Power. Each companions will construct two gigafactories in China and Europe. Every of the battery cell factories can have a complete annual capability of as much as 20 GWh. Plans name for 2 extra battery cell factories to be constructed within the North American free commerce zone,
USMCA, for which the companions haven’t but been nominated.
The BMW Group is especially centered on conserving the carbon footprint and consumption of assets for manufacturing as little as attainable, beginning within the provide chain. Cell producers will use cobalt, lithium and nickel that embrace a proportion of secondary materials, i.e. uncooked supplies that aren’t newly mined, however already within the loop, in manufacturing of battery cells.
Mixed with the dedication to make use of solely inexperienced energy from renewable energies for manufacturing of battery cells, the BMW Group will cut back the carbon footprint of battery cell manufacturing by as much as 60 %, in comparison with the present era of battery cells.
Reuse of uncooked supplies will probably be one of many success elements for e-mobility sooner or later. (Earlier submit.) Round loops cut back the necessity for brand new uncooked supplies, decrease the danger of infringing environmental and social requirements within the provide chain and customarily end in considerably decrease CO2 emissions. That’s the reason the long-term purpose of the BMW Group is to make use of totally recyclable battery cells.
In China, the corporate is at the moment making a closed loop for reuse of the uncooked supplies nickel, lithium and cobalt from high-voltage batteries, thus laying the cornerstone of a ground-breaking materials cycle.
The cobalt and lithium used as uncooked supplies for the brand new era of BMW battery cells will probably be sourced from licensed mines. This implies the corporate retains full transparency over extraction strategies and, on this approach, can guarantee accountable mining. The sourcing of each uncooked supplies from licensed mines takes place both instantly by way of the BMW Group or through the battery cell producer.
The BMW Group has been actively concerned for a few years in initiatives to develop requirements for accountable uncooked materials extraction and promote compliance with environmental and social requirements for uncooked materials extraction by way of certification of mines. On this approach, the corporate can be making itself much less technologically, geographically and geopolitically depending on particular person assets and suppliers.
Growth of future BMW battery cells at in-house competence facilities. The BMW Group is continually working to additional develop vitality storage methods. For instance, its sixth-generation battery know-how additionally affords the choice of utilizing cathodes product of lithium iron phosphate (LFP) for the primary time. This implies the crucial uncooked supplies cobalt and nickel can then be prevented totally within the cathode materials.
In parallel, the BMW Group can be pushing ahead with growth of all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs). The corporate goals to have high-voltage batteries of this sort prepared for sequence introduction by the top of the last decade. The BMW Group will current a demonstrator car with this know-how on board nicely earlier than 2025.
The BMW Group has been systematically constructing experience within the discipline of battery cell know-how since 2008. Since 2019, this know-how has been concentrated on the BMW Group’s Battery Cell Competence Middle (BCCC) in Munich. The BCCC spans your entire worth chain—from analysis and growth to battery cell design to manufacturability.
To make sure improvements in battery cell know-how are put into observe shortly and effectively, the BMW Group depends on a community of round 300 companions, with cooperation between established corporations, startups and schools, amongst others.
The data gained on this approach will probably be validated on the new Cell Manufacturing Competence Middle (CMCC) in Parsdorf, close to Munich, which can start commissioning near-standard manufacturing of samples in late 2022 for the longer term BMW battery cell era for use within the NEUE KLASSE from 2025 onwards.
The pilot line on the competence heart will make it attainable to research and perceive totally the cell manufacturing course of below near-standard situations. It will assist allow future suppliers produce cells to specs and in accordance with their very own experience—thus additional optimizing battery cell manufacturing with regard to high quality, output and prices.
With a fast-growing product lineup and excessive demand, the BMW Group goals to have greater than two million fully-electric automobiles on the roads by the top of 2025. The all-electric NEUE KLASSE will make a big contribution to BMW Group gross sales volumes from mid-decade. The NEUE KLASSE has the potential to additional speed up the market penetration of e-mobility: This implies 50% of the BMW Group’s world gross sales might already come from fully-electric automobiles earlier than 2030.
The MINI model can have an solely all-electric product vary by the early 2030s, whereas Rolls-Royce may even be an all-electric model from 2030. All future new fashions from BMW Motorrad within the discipline of city mobility will likewise be totally electrical.