DOE awarding $1.6B to 11 battery supplies separation and processing tasks as a part of $2.8B funding

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The US Division of Power (DOE) is awarding a mixed $2.8 billion to 21 tasks to increase home manufacturing of batteries for electrical autos (EVs) and {the electrical} grid and for supplies and parts presently imported from different nations. (Earlier put up.) Of that, $1.6 billion will go to 11 tasks within the supplies separation and processing section of the availability chain. The awardees are:

Supplies Separation & Processing (Anode
Supplies)

Anovion, Scaling the Home, US Owned and Operated Anode Provide Chain for Artificial Graphite, $117,000,000. Anovion, with its companions, collaborators and stakeholders, will construct 35,000 tons each year of latest artificial graphite anode materials capability for lithium-ion batteries utilized in electrical autos and important power
storage purposes.

This US-owned and operated manufacturing plant in northern Alabama would be the first of its dimension in North America. Anovion’s chosen website has vital infrastructure in place that may permit for an accelerated timeline for the development of the ability. This challenge will increase Anovion’s present manufacturing capability in Sanborn, NY—notably the one certified US supply of battery-grade artificial graphite commercially transport product at present.

NOVONIX Anode Supplies, Massive Scale, Power Environment friendly, Home Manufacturing of Excessive-performance Artificial Graphite Anode Materials for Use in Electrical Automobiles and Power Storage Programs, $150,000,000. NOVONIX Anode Supplies LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of
NOVONIX Restricted, was shaped in 2017. It has developed course of expertise and expertise in producing decrease carbon depth, excessive efficiency, artificial graphite focusing on the electrical automobile and power storage sectors.

At the moment, NAM is constructing its first mass manufacturing website in america, which is able to produce 10,000 metric tons per 12 months of battery grade artificial graphite. The challenge will construct a brand new plant in Chattanooga to supply 30,000 metric tons per 12 months of graphite focused on the electrical automobile business.

The challenge will use uncooked supplies primarily sourced domestically, leverage home expertise and tools suppliers, and revel in vital involvement from group supporters. The challenge includes robust partnerships, commitments, and assist from home expertise and tools suppliers akin to Phillips 66 and Harper Worldwide, validation companions akin to Oak Ridge and Argonne Nationwide Labs, and cell producers and automotive unique tools producers (OEMs). NAM will deploy its superior, value efficient and environmentally pleasant course of expertise to offer a ~60% discount in carbon depth relative to the normal Chinese language artificial graphite.

Syrah Applied sciences, Section 3 Enlargement of Syrah’s Industrial-Scale Pure Graphite Lively Anode Materials Facility in Vidalia, Louisiana, $219,820,610. Syrah’s Vidalia facility is an built-in milling, purification,
coating, and floor remedy operation producing on-specification energetic anode
materials (AAM), utilizing pure graphite from Balama graphite operation in Mozambique.

Development of a brand new 11,250 metric tons each year (tpa) AAM facility is underway, with begin of manufacturing scheduled for the third quarter of 2023. This challenge (“Section 3 Enlargement”) will increase the manufacturing capability of the Vidalia AAM facility from 11,250tpa to no less than 45,000tpa AAM.

Upon begin of manufacturing of the 11,250tpa facility, Syrah’s Vidalia facility would be the solely vertically built-in and large-scale pure graphite AAM producer exterior China and the primary large-scale pure graphite AAM producer within the US. In 2026, US-based lithium-ion battery manufacturing capability is forecast to be nearly 600GWh, which is estimated to require over 500,000 tpa graphite-based AAM.

Supplies Separation & Processing (Cathode
Minerals)

Albemarle US, Kings Mountain Lithium Supplies Processing Plant, $149,658,312. The challenge goal is to assemble a brand new, commercial-scale lithium supplies processing plant at Kings Mountain, North
Carolina, that makes use of sustainably extracted spodumene minerals from the location’s lithium mine.

This funding would permit Albemarle to course of 8,000 tons per day (2.7 million tons each year) of spodumene ore via a plant designed to supply 1,150-1,200 tons per day (~350,000 tons each year) of 5.5-6.0% Li2O spodumene focus. Such a plant would feed a 50,000 metric ton per 12 months conversion plant to supply battery grade lithium hydroxide to assist home manufacturing of the lithium-ion battery cells to energy 750,000 electrical autos per 12 months. Albemarle is finalizing the location choice for the lithium hydroxide conversion plant within the southeastern United States.

American Battery Expertise Firm, Massive-Scale Demonstration of Home Manufacturing of Low-Value and Low- Environmental Influence Battery-Grade Lithium Hydroxide from Unconventional Home Sedimentary Sources, $57,744,831. American Battery Expertise Firm (ABTC) and companions will construct, and function a commercial-scale facility to show its novel course of for manufacturing battery cathode grade lithium hydroxide (LiOH) from unconventional Nevada-based lithium-bearing sedimentary assets.

ABTC has secured greater than 10,000 acres of lithium-bearing sedimentary assets close to Tonopah, NV, and its challenge group has been performing work below an present grant award from the US Division of Power’s Superior Manufacturing Workplace (AMO) to show this course of in an built-in multi-ton per day subject demonstration system.

With the brand new grant award, a 5,000 MT (metric tonnes) LiOH/12 months industrial processing plant can be constructed and operated at this useful resource website, with the capability of the ability to subsequently be expanded to 30,000 MT LiOH/12 months.

Ascend Components, Apex – Built-in Sustainable Battery Precursor, $316,186,575. Ascend Components will set up industrial-scale US manufacturing capability
of sustainable, low-cost precursor cathode supplies by integrating the
separation of vital cathode supplies from spent lithium-ion
batteries (LiBs) with the manufacturing of each precursor cathode energetic
supplies (pCAM) and steel salts to assist home manufacturing of
cathode energetic materials (CAM).

Utilizing Ascend Components’ proprietary and established Hydro-to-Cathode direct precursor synthesis course of expertise, the brand new proposed “Apex” facility would be the first home, commercial-scale, built-in steel extraction and pCAM facility in america. It can produce sufficient materials to produce greater than 250,000 electrical autos yearly.

Ascend Components will plan, design, and construct Apex 1 on an present greenfield website in Hopkinsville, a deprived group (DAC) in southwestern Kentucky. This facility will encompass a number of manufacturing buildings, workplace house and a warehouse, in addition to assist infrastructure together with a rail spur, unloading/loading stations and holding tanks. The development course of will use established and authorised processes for constructing new manufacturing websites.

Lilac Options, Unlocking US Lithium Manufacturing, $50,000,000. Lilac’s challenge in Fernley, Nevada, will show the manufacturing of lithium at commercially related scales (TRL 9) utilizing the corporate’s IX lithium extraction expertise. The expertise to be demonstrated has the potential to unlock lithium manufacturing from home assets which might be unviable with present manufacturing applied sciences, and thereby vastly increase home lithium provide.

Many of the world’s lithium assets are present in naturally occurring salt options, referred to as brines. Nevertheless, most home brine assets include lithium at concentrations too low, and impurities at concentrations too excessive, to make extraction commercially viable. Lilac’s patented ion-exchange expertise can extract lithium economically from these brines by straight capturing the lithium utilizing stable ion-exchange beads, whereas impurities stay inside the liquid useful resource and are returned to the pure setting.

The extracted lithium is launched from the stable ion-exchange beads utilizing acid, producing a purified lithium stream that may be additional processed into battery-grade lithium merchandise utilizing typical applied sciences. This challenge will show economical and environmentally pleasant lithium extraction from home lithium assets via three concerted efforts:

  1. Demonstration of producing of proprietary ion-exchange beads utilized by Lilac’s expertise at commercially related scales;

  2. Demonstration of lithium extraction from home brine assets at commercially related scales; and

  3. Collaboration with associate federally funded analysis and improvement facilities and universities to maximise the constructive affect of such tasks on communities and the setting.

Piedmont Lithium, Tennessee Lithium, $141,680,442. Piedmont is designing Tennessee Lithium to be a world-class lithium hydroxide facility and a big, low-cost contributor to the battery manufacturing provide chain with a sustainability footprint that’s superior to incumbent producers.

Positioned in McMinn County, Tennessee, the challenge can be sited in an excellent location and uniquely positioned to produce America’s quickly rising electrical automobile market. At full manufacturing, the Tennessee Lithium is anticipated to supply 30,000 metric tons per 12 months of lithium hydroxide for the home battery and EV market, doubling the lithium hydroxide manufacturing capability presently accessible in america.

Development is anticipated to start in 2023, topic to allowing and challenge financing, with first manufacturing focused for 2025.

Talon Nickel, Undertaking “Double Play”: An Superior Home Battery Minerals Processing Facility, $114,846,344. Talon’s proposed facility will course of nickel ore from economically viable sources for the home manufacture of batteries. Talon has signed a provide settlement with Tesla for 75,000 metric tonnes of nickel in focus.

The Talon and Tesla provide chain will produce nickel, copper, cobalt and iron in nickel and copper concentrates for a number of battery chemistries. This course of improves yield and steel byproduct utilization relative to legacy processing of nickel ores.

Supplies Separation & Processing (Precursor)

Koura, LiPF6 Manufacturing Plant in St. Gabriel, Louisiana, $100,000,000. Koura, a world chief within the improvement, manufacture, and provide of fluoroproducts, plans to construct the primary US manufacturing plant for lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF –) on the grounds of the corporate’s present fluorochemical manufacturing website in St. Gabriel, Louisiana.

At the moment, there aren’t any large-scale home producers of LiPF6 and all of it comes from Asian imports. Moreover, the fabric degrades over time and is dear to import to the US. Because of this, lack of home manufacturing represents a vital danger within the provide chain for lithium-ion battery manufacturing within the US.

As a part of the fluorinated options enterprise group of Orbia, a publicly traded international company with complete revenues of $8.7 billion in 2021, Koura employs a Mine-to-Market functionality to supply and distribute its fluorochemical merchandise globally and it owns a vertically built-in North American provide of fluorine, the first element of LiPF6. Koura’s proposed plant will produce as much as 10,000MT of LiPF6 per 12 months, which is adequate to assist home manufacturing of greater than one million full electrical autos (EVs)
yearly.

Moreover, Koura’s LiPF6 plant can have a safe entry to vital minerals and downstream processing to determine home manufacturing of LiPF6. It can additionally make the most of vertical integration, recycling, and state-of-the-art manufacturing to attain manufacturing economics that can be aggressive with international imports.

Solvay Specialty Polymers USA, Solvay Battery-Grade PVDF Manufacturing Facility, $178,218,568. Solvay Specialty Polymers USA, LLC intends to construct a brand new battery-grade polyvinylidene
fluoride (PVDF) facility in Augusta, GA, to produce the wants of the North American electrical automobile (EV) and stationary power storage market. PVDF is indispensable within the manufacturing of batteries as cathode binder and separator coating materials.

Solvay’s next-generation PVDF is being utilized by almost all EV battery suppliers. PVDF allows EV batteries to go farther on cost, contributes to cycle life, and enhances battery sturdiness. The deliberate challenge, which nonetheless requires approval from the Solvay Board of Administrators, has the potential to offer sufficient PVDF to produce greater than 5 million EV batteries per 12 months at full capability.

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