BMW Group and H2 Inexperienced Metal have signed a ultimate contract on the supply of CO2-reduced metal. The settlement addresses BMW Group’s upstream scope 3 emissions and consists of recycling and end-of-life administration measures. (Earlier submit.)
As a part of solidifying a binding settlement, BMW Group and H2 Inexperienced Metal have additionally agreed on technical cooperation which is able to embody a number of measures that deal with BMW Group’s Science Based mostly Targets and contribute to assembly its CO2discount timeline.
H2 Inexperienced Metal is dedicated to the Scope 1, 2 and upstream Scope 3 necessities as outlined within the GHG Protocol. The corporate has a gross embodied carbon emission depth obligation per tonne of metal, included in its buyer contracts. H2 Inexperienced Metal’s work to scale back emissions will affect BMW Group’s materials provide chain and its upstream Scope 3 emissions.
Moreover, recycling scrap is a vital a part of the equation which additional ensures circularity. In a pioneering transfer, each firms have due to this fact agreed to have 40% of the pre-consumer metal scrap of the volumes returned to H2 Inexperienced Metal’s electrical arc furnaces for re-cycling.
In line with H2 Inexperienced Metal’s definition of inexperienced metal, precise CO2 reductions and enhancing circularity are each key. Subsequently, inexperienced metal have to be produced from a mixture of a major quantity of inexperienced virgin iron and scrap in a manufacturing course of which makes use of electrical energy from renewable vitality sources. The overall CO2 emissions in such a course of have to be greater than 90% decrease than that of conventional steelmaking in a blast furnace course of.
H2 Inexperienced Metal (H2GS AB) was based in 2020 with the ambition to speed up the decarbonization of the metal trade, utilizing inexperienced hydrogen. Metal, which is likely one of the world’s largest carbon dioxide emitters, is the corporate’s first enterprise vertical. The founder and largest shareholder of H2 Inexperienced Metal is Vargas, which can also be co-founder and one of many bigger shareholders in Swedish battery maker Northvolt. H2 Inexperienced Metal is headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden, with its first inexperienced metal plant underneath improvement in Boden, northern Sweden.
Within the H2 Inexperienced Metal course of, conventional blast furnace-based know-how is changed by direct discount reactors. The direct discount reactors have been up and operating for greater than 50 years in locations the place pure gasoline will be procured cheaply. In a pure gasoline feed reactor, the iron ore discount takes place with each carbon monoxide to provide sponge iron and carbon dioxide and hydrogen to provide sponge iron and water. H2 Inexperienced Metal will change the pure gasoline with inexperienced hydrogen to solely enable for sponge iron and water to be produced.
As well as, the corporate will electrify each course of step of the complete manufacturing circulation. On this approach, nearly the one emissions are steam, decreasing carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 90% from the outset, with the goal of decreasing emissions to zero.
The plant can be absolutely built-in, with sizzling charging at every step alongside the manufacturing circulation. This limits the quantity of vitality used, storage and materials dealing with. The plant may also maximize circularity. Recycled scrap from clients can be charged into the Electrical Arc Furnace, wasted warmth can be despatched to the district heating channels of Luleå-Boden, and slag can be processed into merchandise for use in different industries.