MAN Vitality Options and Fraunhofer IST analyze choices for cost-efficient hydrogen provide to Salzgitter industrial cluster


MAN Vitality Options and the Fraunhofer Institute for Floor Engineering and Skinny Movies (IST) have printed their evaluation of the framework situations for the long run provide of inexperienced hydrogen to the Salzgitter metal website close to Hannover. Commissioned by Hydrogen Campus Salzgitter, the research investigates, amongst different questions, the function domestically produced inexperienced hydrogen may play to assist German provide and its potential competitiveness with imports.

The research’s calculations present that—if used instantly with out additional conversion—native hydrogen may be economical and even cheaper than imports from 2030 onwards. Whereas manufacturing prices of round €4.00 per kilogram are doable in northern Germany, hydrogen imported from Tunisia, for instance, would price not less than €4.70 to provide—revenue margins in each instances not included.


Within the case of direct use, native hydrogen has an financial benefit because of the elimination of transport and conversion prices. As such, inexperienced hydrogen may be produced in northern Germany at aggressive costs and type the premise for a German hydrogen initiative—that is excellent news for German trade.

—Marc Grünewald, Head of Enterprise Improvement, Energy and New Energies at MAN Vitality Options

For the research, the authors modeled completely different provide chains for inexperienced hydrogen and in contrast doable import routes, comparable to these from Portugal, Canada, Tunisia and Australia. Though inexperienced hydrogen may be produced way more cheaply in nations with important quantities of sunshine, it should then be transformed for transport to Germany and subsequently again once more for home use. This course of step, which is fraught with prices and losses, drives the entire expense above the price worth of H2 produced from wind vitality in northern Germany, which may be transported by pipeline to its vacation spot for quick use.

After all, we are going to nonetheless want imported hydrogen, and in massive portions, for 2 causes. Firstly, because of the restricted wind-energy potential in Germany, we will solely cowl a fraction of the potential demand from home sources. Secondly, the native cost-advantage disappears the second the hydrogen is just not for direct use however slightly as a uncooked materials for artificial fuels comparable to ammonia, methanol or methane. This would be the case in lots of situations, as for instance within the shipbuilding or aviation industries. Accordingly, along with home manufacturing, we additionally want robust, worldwide companions and import routes from the sunny or windy areas of North Africa, Patagonia, Scotland and Canada.

—Marc Grünewald

As a result of its low energy-density and excessive volatility, pure hydrogen can not but be transported economically over longer distances, whereas ports possess neither tanker fleets nor acceptable infrastructure. Specialists subsequently assume that worldwide transport will initially scale up through conversion to extra conveniently transportable media, comparable to methanol, ammonia, and many others.

As a result of low technological maturity and lack of infrastructure, the research by MAN Vitality Options and IST didn’t contemplate liquefied hydrogen or LOHCs (Liquid Natural Hydrogen Carriers) in its evaluation.

These applied sciences could play a task after 2030 nevertheless it’s too early to inform.

—Marc Grünewald

Changing hydrogen into ammonia, methane or methanol, nonetheless, would shortly entertain large-scale import situations.


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