Osaka crew demonstrates H2 purification utilizing LOHCs


Researchers from Osaka College have demonstrated a proof-of-concept for a novel molecular hydrogen manufacturing technique that bypasses the necessity for costly purification steps. They developed a system the place hydrogen is separated and saved in liquid natural hydrogen carriers by catalysis of triaryl boranes in a single seamless course of. An open-access paper on their work is revealed in Science Advances.


The idea of this work. Direct use of crude hydrogen fuel for catalytic hydrogenation of unsaturated molecules. Credit score: Y Hoshimoto

Within the midterm future, an enormous quantity of H2 shall be produced from a wide range of hydrocarbon sources by way of conversion and elimination of contaminants reminiscent of CO and CO2. Nevertheless, bypassing these purification processes is fascinating, given their vitality consumption and environmental affect, which in the end will increase the price of H2.

Right here, we exhibit a method to separate H2 from a gaseous combination of H2/CO/CO2/CH4 that may embody an extra of CO and CO2 relative to H2 and concurrently retailer it in N-heterocyclic compounds that act as liquid natural hydrogen carriers (LOHCs), which may be utilized to supply H2 by subsequent dehydrogenation.

Our outcomes exhibit that LOHCs can doubtlessly be used for H2 purification from CO- and CO2-rich crude H2 along with their well-established use in H2 storage.

—Hashimoto et al.


Analysis background and idea of this examine. (A) Simplified schemes of consultant modern routes of H2 purification adopted by H2 storage (course of I) and a conceptually novel route involving the simultaneous separation and storage of H2 from crude H2 (course of II); WGS, water-gas shift; PSA, strain swing adsorption. (B) Schematic illustration of the final idea behind LOHCs and the vital variations between well-established strategies and this work. (C) Potential reactions amongst H2, CO, CO2, LA (Lewis acid/acidic half), and/or LB (Lewis base/primary half). Dashed arrows signify backward reactions that don’t all the time happen beneath the identical situations because the corresponding ahead response. Hashimoto et al.

The issue of extracting hydrogen from frequent contaminant gases has restricted the utility of liquid natural hydrogen carriers for hydrogen storage. In these methods, many researchers have struggled to beat the problem of inducing the carriers to uptake—i.e., retailer—hydrogen within the presence of contaminant gases. Even a small quantity of carbon monoxide can hinder hydrogen uptake, says Yoichi Hoshimoto, the corresponding writer. Thus, he defined, expensive purification strategies to isolate the hydrogen previous to storage are obligatory.

To beat these challenges, Hoshimoto and his crew have synthesized shelf-stable triaryl boranes that took up hydrogen even within the presence of frequent contaminant gases, attaining the next outcomes: hydrogen storage (with as much as >99% effectivity) and subsequent hydrogen launch at a purity of as much as 99.9%.


Hydrogen purification based mostly on the borane-catalyzed hydrogenation of 2-methylquinoline beneath mixed-gas situations and subsequent catalytic dehydrogenation. Credit score: Y. Hoshimoto

The economic worth of molecular hydrogen has lengthy been affected by substantial portions of carbon monoxide and different contaminants. Nevertheless, within the catalytic hydrogenation technique we developed, even a five-fold extra of a contaminant wasn’t an issue, and hydrogen uptake and launch have been every achieved with out utilizing any solvents.

—Taiki Hashimoto


  • Taiki Hashimoto, Takahiro Asada, Sensuke Ogoshi and Yoichi Hoshimoto (2022) “Foremost group catalysis for H2 purification based mostly on liquid natural hydrogen carriers” Science Advances doi: 10.1126/sciadv.ade0189


Leave a Comment