Researchers retailer hydrogen gas in salts


Researchers in Germany have developed a way to retailer and launch extremely pure hydrogen by the interconversion of available (bi)carbonate and formate salts within the presence of naturally occurring α-amino acids. An open-access paper on their work is revealed in ACS Central Science.


The reversible storage of hydrogen in stable salts has emerged as a possible approach to make the gas simpler to move and deal with, however the reactions to do that require valuable metals as catalysts and should produce carbon dioxide as an undesirable byproduct.

Henrik Junge, Matthias Beller and colleagues from the Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse and APEX Vitality developed efficient storage-release techniques with each bicarbonate and carbonate salts, in addition to manganese—a extra broadly accessible steel catalyst.

The researchers discovered that changing bicarbonate and hydrogen into formate, and vice versa, was best with potassium salts, a manganese-based catalyst and lysine—an amino acid that acted as an extra promoter and reacted with carbon dioxide to seize it—at response temperatures under 200 F.

After 5 storage-release cycles, the response system produced hydrogen with a excessive yield (80%) and purity (99%). The crew additionally confirmed that carbonate salts and glutamic acid could be a part of the reusable storage-release system with hydrogen yields as much as 94%. This system paves the way in which for large-scale hydrogen storage in solids, the researchers mentioned.

The authors acknowledge funding from the State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and European Union, the Leibniz-Program Cooperative Excellence K308/2020 (mission “SUPREME”) and the European CO2PERATE mission.


  • Duo Wei, Xinzhe Shi, Peter Sponholz, Henrik Junge, and Matthias Beller (2022) “Manganese Promoted (Bi)carbonate Hydrogenation and Formate Dehydrogenation: Towards a Round Carbon and Hydrogen Financial system” ACS Central Science 8 (10), 1457-1463 doi: 10.1021/acscentsci.2c00723


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