Tianjin staff proposes reactivity managed turbulent jet ignition to increase EGR tolerance and enhance efficiency; ammonia potential


Researchers at Tianjin College have proposed a reactivity managed turbulent jet ignition (RCTJI) based mostly on a newly air-assisted pre-chamber turbulent jet ignition with a scavenging perform to enhance the reactivity within the pre-chamber.

In an open-access paper within the journal Gasoline, they report that RCTJI with scavenged TJI can successfully lengthen EGR tolerance and enhance spark ignition engine efficiency. They word that the idea of RCTJI may be additional utilized in an ammonia-fueled engine to resolve the problems of inauspicious ignition and gradual flame propagation.


Air-assisted pre-chamber configuration. Zhou et al.

Within the phrases of RCTJI idea, hydrogen as a excessive reactivity gas changed of low reactivity gas additionally may be injected in pre-chamber to manage the reactivity.

Enhancing the thermal effectivity of inner combustion engines and lowering the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have turn out to be the topic of analysis within the face of more and more stringent emissions and gas consumption laws, drawing growing consideration as a result of capability of lean and dilute combustion to cut back gas consumption and emissions. As an efficient method, the exhaust gasoline recirculation (EGR) technique has been extensively studied and broadly used within the area of inner combustion engines to decrease the propensity of knock and NOx emission.

EGR can also be may be thought of as lean combustion with essential CO2 dilution in comparison with the surplus air dilution. EGR dilution could make using a three-way catalytic converter (TWC) potential. Nevertheless, EGR can cut back the combustion temperature and flame propagation velocity, which deteriorates combustion stability and engine energy. Within the mild of this problem, turbulent jet ignition is launched to make sure dependable ignition and a excessive burning fee in spark-ignition engines by utilizing a pre-chamber, which is receiving growing consideration in its utility in SI engines.

… the target of this work is to conduct experimental research of the gasoline engine with EGR dilution combustion based mostly on reactivity managed turbulent jet ignition (RCTJI). As our information, this research demonstrates the next new contributions: (1) the reactivity managed turbulent jet ignition (RCTJI) is proposed based mostly on a newly designed air-assisted pre-chamber configuration with a scavenging perform (scavenged TJI) for the primary time, to the perfect of the writer’s information. (2) The EGR tolerance is examined based mostly on the RCTJI mode. (3) The completely different ignition modes involving spark ignition (SI), passive TJI, energetic TJI, and scavenged TJI are in contrast by way of the combustion phases, gas consumption, and strain oscillation at completely different EGRs to disclose the in-depth mechanism. The current work will present a really efficient technique to manage the TJI depth of pre-chamber.

—Zhou et al.


The researchers used a four-stroke 0.5L single-cylinder engine, an electrical dynamometer, a self-designed jet ignition system, and a twin direct injection gas provide system for the principle combustion chamber and pre-chamber, and a strain take a look at system. The experiment was carried out on the engine velocity of 1500 rpm with a compression ratio of 11. The engine was naturally aspirated with an consumption strain of 1 bar and an consumption temperature of 300 Ok. Zhou et al.

The outcomes confirmed that three TJI modes can clearly shorten the combustion period as a result of quick jet flame.

In comparison with the SI mode, the spark timing of TJI shouldn’t be delicate to the change in EGR fee. Particularly, scavenged TJI might successfully promote the chemical reactivity within the pre-chamber, and subsequently improves the depth of the turbulent jet flame and shortens the ignition delay and combustion period. Consequently, utilizing scavenged TJI can successfully cut back cycle variation and obtain the bottom indicated particular gas consumption (ISFC) at excessive EGR charges.

The primary findings of the research had been:

  • Usually, the in-cylinder strain rises quickly shortly after ignition for the TJI as a result of multi-point ignition and high-speed turbulent combustion in the principle combustion chamber brought on by the turbulent jet flame within the pre-chamber, in comparison with SI mode. The ignition delay and the combustion period improve with the rise of the EGR fee within the 4 ignition modes. The TJI can successfully shorten the ignition delay and the combustion period. Moreover, it additionally may be seen that the rise of the EGR fee has a terrific affect on the spark timing of SI, whereas the spark timing of TJI shouldn’t be delicate to the evolution of EGR fee as a result of shorter ignition delay time, which can also be useful to the combustion stability.

  • For scavenged TJI, at excessive EGR charges, this mode can successfully cut back the exhaust gasoline fee, which improves ignition stability within the pre-chamber. It would additionally kind a powerful scorching jet by the pre-chamber, which promotes combustion effectivity. Subsequently, the scavenged TJI can obtain the bottom ISFC. The ISFC (235.7 g/kWh) of the scavenged TJI is diminished by 5.1%, 2.1%, and 0.7% in comparison with the SI, the energetic TJI, and the passive TJI, respectively. The warmth lack of the pre-chamber additionally contributes to the excessive ISFC on the EGR of 0%.

  • The TJI combustion performs low cycle-to-cycle variation. The TJI mode additionally lowers the stochastic nature of the knock cycle in comparison with the SI mode. The combustion stability in the principle combustion chamber may be improved and the COV may be considerably diminished by utilizing the scavenged TJI, which successfully extends the EGR tolerance. The COVs on the EGR charges of 25.2% and 30.7% are 1.6% and 4.6%, respectively.


  • Lei Zhou, Yixiong Ding, A. Qian Li, Yuntong Track, Zongkuan Liu, Haiqiao Wei (2022) “Experimental research of gasoline engine with EGR dilution based mostly on reactivity managed turbulent jet ignition (RCTJI),” Gasoline,
    Quantity 331, Half 1, doi: 10.1016/j.gas.2022.125744


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